Pomeranian Dog Breed at a Glance


The Pomeranian dog breed, also known as Pom, Pom Pom, Zwergspitz, Zwers, Deutsche Spitze, Spitz Enano, and Spitz Nain, is a companion dog with a relatively long lifespan of Nordic descent. A member of the “spitz group,” the Pom is recognizable by its plumed tail that’s carried high and lies flat on its back. The dog is intelligent and easy to train. Poms are a popular breed in the United States because they are friendly, charismatic, playful, and loyal. They make great watchdogs, able to alert owners of an intruder but is highly unlikely to scare them off. They are also a good breed for new owners without dog ownership experience, and also with kids and other pets.

Breed Group: Toy Group

Pomeranian Puppies

HISTORY of the Pomeranian Dog Breed

Originally, the Pomeranian is from Pomerania — the northern areas of Poland and Germany, and was later brought to England in the 18th century. A member of the spitz family, the Pom was selectively bred in Britain to develop a smaller dog than the original, by 50%. Queen Victoria both promoted and improved the breed by locating and importing smaller Pom Poms from other European countries. Royals of England and France owned Pomeranians. Since then, these dogs gained popularity and remain extremely popular.

Origin: Germany


A people-pleaser at heart, Pomeranians are sensitive and highly intelligent dogs that crave attention. They are known for their bold personalities and friendly nature. Confident, playful, and energetic, they often try to prove themselves to other dogs, displaying aggressiveness. They are defensive of their territory, and require proper obedience training and socialization to avoid them from becoming dominant. When alone, toys may be effective. These cat-friendly, social dogs don’t wander and have a low hunting drive. According to the AKC, 78% of Pomeranian owners agree that this breed is good for kids, 84% agree it’s good with other pets, 81% agree it’s easy to breed, but only 56% agree that it is good to be left alone for long periods of time.

There has only been 1 human attack on a child, which caused death, attributed to Pomeranians, placing them in the bottom 30% of dog attacks in the biting statistics recorded from 1982. As such, it is highly unlikely to cause death.

Physical Characteristics of the Pomeranian Dog Breed

Compact and sturdy with a fluffy, coat and feathery hindquarters, Pomeranians are a bundle of joy. The double coat of the Pom Pom is harsh in texture, thick, dense, straight, and long, with a short, thick, and soft undercoat.

The common colors of the Pomeranian dog breed for breed standards are many, including: black, black and tan, beaver, blue, blue and tan, blue sable, blue merle, chocolate and tan, chocolate, cream, cream sable, wolf sable, orange, red, red sable, white, and tri-colored. There are several other colors and color-combinations as well, although not accepted in the breed standard.

The Pom Pom weighs between 3 and 7 pounds and stand between 8 and 11 inches tall, regardless of gender.

Pomeranian dog breed

Expect constant shedding with the Pomeranian. However, brushing regularly will help. Nonetheless, prepare to vacuum frequently. It is not a hypoallergenic dog breed, nor is it known to drool.

HEALTH and CARE of the Pomeranian Dog Breed

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of the Pomeranian is between 12 and 16 years, which is far longer than the average for small dogs or toy breeds.

Common Health Concerns

Each dog breed is susceptible to certain health issues. The Pomeranian is generally a healthy dog, but it is at a high risk of developing:

  • Cryptorchidism
  • Entropion
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus


The Pomeranian does not need a yard, and apartment-living is suitable to the breed. In fact, it only needs minimal exercise to stay in shape. As such, this may be a good breed for those with busy lifestyles.

Dog Breeds


With the average weight of a Pomeranian dog being 5 pounds, feed it between 1/4 and 1/2 cup of kibble each day. Feed your dog a high-quality dog food to ensure health and longevity.


Routine grooming is required to ensure its fur remains in top shape. Their coat tangles and knots easily, but daily brushing reduces shedding and prevents matting. Some stripping or trimming is also required, every month or other month, as is the occasional bath. Check ears regularly for wax buildup or debris to avoid infections from developing.

The AKC officially recognized the Pomeranian dog breed in 1888.