Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed at a Glance
Also known as the Russell Terrier, JRT, and Jack, the Jack Russell Terrier dog breed is a high-energy small-sized dog that’s lively, alert, and inquisitive. They are tireless dogs, so they’ll need plenty of play time and exercise, otherwise it will display behaviors of boredom, like chewing, digging, and the like. It is a perfect companion for families who spend lots of time outdoors. It’s devoted to its family, but it may be difficult to manage and train. Therefore, the Jack Russell is best for experienced dog owners , but at the same time, it is a very suitable breed for kids.
Breed Group: Terrier
HISTORY of the Russell Terrier Dog Breed
Developed in southern England during the 1800s, the Jack Russell Terrier was bred to be a hunting dog capable of luring foxes out of their dens so that foxhound’s can chase them. It appeared in the US in the 1930s.
Origin: United Kingdom
Expect a gentle, friendly, cheerful, and loyal companion in the Russell Terrier. Despite its size, it is courageous and independent. It’s good with kids but because it is difficult to train, it may not be the best breed for new owners. The Jack is also known to bark frequently, has a high hunting drive (used for vermin control) and impulse to wander, so keep it on a leash when out and about.
The biting statistics (from 1982 to present) with regards to the Jack Russell Terrier indicate 3 child victims and 1 adult victim, resulting in 2 deaths and 2 maimings. However, it is highly unlikely that this dog breed will cause death. Source: PetBreeds
Physical Characteristics of the Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed
The common colors of the Jack are white, black and tan, and black. Its coat is short, thick, dense, and wiry.
The Jack Russell weighs between 13 and 17 pounds and stands between 12 and 14 inches tall, regardless of gender.
Shedding on a constant basis is to be expected with the Jack Russell. Prepare to vacuum frequently. The Jack Russell is not a hypoallergenic dog.
HEALTH and CARE of the Russell Terrier Dog Breed
The life expectancy of the Russell Terrier is between 12 and 14 years, with a maximum life expectancy of the 16 years, which is much longer than the average lifespan of small dogs.
Common Health Concerns
Each dog breed is susceptible to certain health issues and conditions. In general, Jack Russell Terriers are a healthy breed. However, they are at a medium risk of developing:
- Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
- Patellar Luxation
This dog breed requires lots of exercise, as it is tireless and extremely active. When caring for your Jack Russell Terrier, be sure to regularly check its ears to avoid wax buildup, which may lead to an infection.
Feed your Jack Russell Terrier between 1/2 and 1 cup of kibble each day. It is also a breed that tends to gain weight, so feed it quality dog food keep snacks to a minimum unless it gets adequate exercise.
The Russell Terrier has few demands with regards to grooming, thanks to its short coat. All it needs is a weekly brushing and the occasional bath.
The Jack Russell Terrier dog breed was recognized by the AKC in 2012.