Havanese Dog Breed at a Glance
The Havanese dog breed is an intelligent and funny small dog, also known as the Bichon Havan, Bichon Habanero, Havanese Cuban Bichon, and Bichon Havanais. The non-shedding Bichon type dog is a playful urban dog that likes to be the center of attention. It makes an excellent watchdog, quickly alerting owners of any intruders.
Breed Group: Toy Breed
Did you know? The Havanese is the only native dog of Cuba, named after the country’s capital city.
HISTORY of the Havanese Dog Breed
This companion dog was a status symbol for aristocrats in Cuba, living only in the mansions of Havana and country estates, where they were pampered, especially by wealthy women. It’s believed they were given to the women by Spanish traders to maintain trade relationships. They were brought to the United States after the 1959 Revolution. In Europe, they were often pets of the affluent or became popular performing dogs. When their popularity declined, they became trick dogs and circus acts around Europe. Almost extinct in by the 1960’s, some of the few remaining owners brought them to the United States when they left Cuba, which made them progenitors of the modern breed we know today.
This toy breed is energetic, gentle, cheerful, affectionate, very intelligent and easily trainable. Though a great watchdog, they are not known for yapping. They have an easy-going attitude but absolutely need affection from their people. These dogs love being physically close to their family and learning new tricks. These are sensitive dogs and may also be mouthy at times, a trait that can be corrected by encouraging them to bite only on chew toys. Good for new owners, kids, and cat-friendly, this dog wins hearts everywhere it goes.
Physical Characteristics of the Havanese
The Bichon Havan is longer than it is tall, has a plumed tail that’s carried over the back. Its double coat is long and silky, and may be straight, wavy, or curly.
The common colors of this breed are virtually any color or combination of colors, as well as parti-color and tricolor.
This toy breed weighs between 7 and 13 pounds and stands between 9 and 12 inches tall, regardless of gender.
The Havanese does not shed, so it’s a perfect match for those with allergies or for people who don’t want to increase their housekeeping efforts. The Bichon Habanero is a hypoallergenic dog breed that also does not drool.
HEALTH and CARE of the Havanese Dog Breed
The life expectancy of the Havanese is between 12 and 14 years, which is about average for small dogs.
Common Health Concerns
Each dog breed is susceptible to certain health issues due to genetics. Although the Havanese is a healthy breed in general, it may develop the following:
- Eye Disease
- Hip Dysplasia
- Patellar Luxation
- Congenital Deafness
This energetic charmer needs some exercise to stay fit. A good brisk walk in the neighborhood should meet all its exercise needs and will help reduce the risk of weight gain because this breed has a tendency to gain weight. Also, it does not tolerate cold temperatures, so dress it with a dog jacket.
Feed your dog a high-quality dog food to ensure health and longevity because quality plays a role. With the average weight of the Bichon Havanero being 10 pounds, so feed your dog between 1/2 and 1 cup of kibble each day.
Weekly brushing and combing is required to keep this breed’s coat looking its best, along with the occasional bath. Occasional trimming will keep its fur in top shape. Check ears regularly for debris or wax buildup, to avoid an infection from developing.
The AKC officially recognized the Havanese dog breed in 1996.