The Golden Retriever at a Glance
The Golden Retriever dog breed, also commonly referred to as the Yellow Retriever and the Golden Flat Coat, is one of the most popular breeds of dog known for its beautiful blondish or golden coat. These dogs are brilliant, easy to train, affectionate, obedient, loyal, and make excellent family companions. These dogs are suitable for search and rescue, as seeing-eye dogs, hunting, and hearing dogs. Golden retrievers are wonderful dogs for kids and first-time owners.
Breed Group: Sporting
HISTORY of the Golden Retriever Dog Breed
Originally, the Golden Retriever was bred to retrieve small game or waterfowl and dates back to Scotland in the 19th century, where Scottish nobles used them for this popular activity. This breed was created using the Tweed Water Spaniel, which is now extinct, to develop a skilled hunter that was highly attentive and had a love for water, a good sense of smell, and a gentle grip.
The friendly nature of the Golden Retriever makes him a good watchdog, but not dependable to protect or defend its owners. This is a very playful dog that loves playing various games of catch. It is a calm dog indoors, so it makes an excellent family pet that loves to be around people and is also cat-friendly. It is enthusiastic to learn, so training is easy. The Retriever is extremely obedient and faithful.
You can expect the Golden Retriever to be the occasional barker, yet it is quite quiet. Additionally, these dogs nip or bite lightly. Train them with dog toys to avoid this behavior. Although it has a high hunting drive, its impulse to wander is low.
Physical Characteristics of the Golden Retriever
The common colors of the Golden Retriever are generally various shades of gold, white, and red. Their coat is thick and water repellent, and may be wavy or straight.
The average height of the female is between 22 and 23 inches, and typically weigh between 55 and 65 pounds. The male generally weighs between 65 and 75 pounds and stands 23 to 24 inches tall.
This large size dog breed has an athletic and muscular build, with with a broad head.
Shedding is quite moderate, meaning you should expect to vacuum and clean up regularly, but frequent grooming is helpful. This is NOT a hypoallergenic breed.
HEALTH and CARE of the Golden Retriever Dog Breed
The life expectancy of the Yellow Retriever is between 10 and 13 years on average.
Common Health Concerns
The Golden Retriever is susceptible to some major health concerns which include :
- Hip Dysplasia
- Skin problems
as well as some minor health problems, such as:
- Elbow Dysplasia
- Eye Disorders
- Subaortic Stenosis
The Golden Retriever needs daily exercise to ensure it is calmer because it is an excitable breed, in general.
Nutrition for any dog is always vital, so feed it a high-quality dog food. The Golden Retriever, according to its size, should be fed approximately 2.75 cups of dry food. Ideally, when your dog reaches adulthood, feed him twice-daily the total recommended amount.
Its dense, thick coat requires brushing at the minimum twice-weekly, as this will encourage turnover and provide a more beautiful and lush coat that minimizes shedding.
The Golden Retriever was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925.