French Bulldog Dog Breed

French Bulldog Dog Breed at a Glance


The French Bulldog dog breed, also known as Frenchie and Bouledogue Fran, is the result of English and French ratters and has been ranked by the AKC as the 6th most popular dog breed in the United States. There are many reasons for its popularity, beginning with its intelligence and playfulness. Too kind and too gentle to be a guard dog, it may not even bark to alert owners of an intruder during nap time, although it is generally a good watchdog.
French Bulldog Puppies

Breed Group: Non-Sporting

HISTORY of the FrenchBulldog Dog Breed

The Frenchie is actually a descendant of an ancient breed. Originally, Bulldogs were used as working dogs, but when this came to an end, breeders crossed them with Pugs and Terriers to develop a smaller companion dog. The lace workers of Nottingham popularized this breed, and when many of them moved from England to France for better work opportunities, their popularity soared in France and other European countries.

Origin: France / United Kingdom


Stubborn at times and difficult to train, the French Bulldog is more of a free spirit. It is crucial to begin obedience training and socializing them at a very young age, since they are extremely protective of their owners. They are not recommended for new owners without any previous dog ownership experience because of their big personalities, nor for families with kids, unless the puppy is raised with the children and has had many pleasant experiences with them. The Frenchie is very laid-back, preferring to cuddle or rest rather than being exercised, physically or mentally. This dog breed does not fare well when left alone for long periods of time, as it likes to be as close to its family as possible. The French Bulldog can be cat-friendly, ONLY if it is socialized early on.

Physical Characteristics of the French Bulldog

This breed is heavy boned, stocky, and muscular, with a smooth coat and a curious and alert expression. Easily recognizable by its bat ears and short-nosed face, resembling the Bulldog, which is a close relative. Its coat is short and fine.

The common colors of the Frenchie are cream, white, white and brindle, fawn, fawn brindle, fawn and white, brindle, and brindle and white. Ticked is the only acceptable marking regarding the AKC.

Frenchies weigh between 22 and 28 pounds, and stand between 11 and 13 inches tall.

French Bulldog Dog Breed

Shedding is minimal with this dog breed. (See below for grooming). The Frenchie is not a hypoallergenic dog breed.

HEALTH and CARE of the French Bulldog Breed

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of the French Bulldog is between 9 and 11 years, which is far shorter than the average for this size.

Common Health Concerns

Each dog breed is susceptible to certain health issues. The Frenchie is at risk for developing:

  • IVDD
  • Entropion
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Brachycephalic Syndrome
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Hemivertebra



As all dogs with short-nosed faces, this dog breed has a difficult time with the heat, although the breed can handle the cold weather, so long as it’s not extreme. Minimal exercise is required to keep this small dog fit, such as a daily brisk walk, to prevent weight gain. This is a good breed for those living in apartments, as it doesn’t require a backyard.

Bouledogue Fran

French Bulldog Training Tips:

Crating the Frenchie puppy early on will help with housebreaking, and the dog will see its crate as its own den, not as a punishment.

As soon as your puppy is immune, following all the vaccinations, begin training classes to help socialize it, as it requires a good amount of training to ensure it becomes a civilized companion. Food is an excellent motivator for Frenchies during obedience training.


Feed your dog a high-quality dog food to ensure health and longevity. With the average weight of a Frenchie being 25 pounds, feed your dog between 3/4 and 1.5 cups of dry dog food each day.


Grooming needs are relatively low. Regular brushing helps to remove any loose hairs, although they are minimal shedders. Take care in regularly cleaning their faces and heads where dirt can collect in their wrinkles, and provide them with the occasional bath. Also, check ears regularly for any wax buildup or debris that can develop into an infection.

The AKC officially recognized the French Bulldog dog breed in 1898.



American Kennel Club