The process of diagnosing vomiting in dogs differs with each case. As a dog owner, keep an eye on your dog’s behavior. Note what he’s been eating, and so on. Like this you’re able to give the veterinarian detailed information about his condition. In doing so, the vet will perform tests to determine causes of dog vomiting.
First Contact – Determining the Cause of Dog Vomiting
Dogs are often taken to the vet to examine bouts of vomiting, often the result of a condition that passes naturally, generally caused by dietary mishaps.
Other dogs experiencing regurgitation, sometimes mistaken for vomiting, requires a different course of treatment.
For recurrent vomiting over several days, the veterinarian usually approaches the case by collecting a health history and performing a full physical examination and by taking urine and blood samples for a full analysis.
These samples yield complete blood count, serum biochemistry profile with sodium and potassium levels, and a urinalysis. The vet may also request a fecal sample.
Diagnosing Dog Vomiting
After the initial collection of tests, the veterinarian could choose to continue with abdominal X-rays. That’s in the event that they see foreign items in the dog’s body, obstruction of the intestine, gastric dilatation and volvulus, or loss of intestinal detail.
An abdominal ultrasound may identify masses or other abnormalities. So, if necessary, they may order advanced blood tests. These will determine the level of functioning of the liver, pancreas, thyroid, and adrenal gland. And, they will likely include adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation testing, and an assessment of the dog’s blood-clotting ability.
To analyze intestinal motility disorders or stomach issues, they may use radiographic studies looking at the gastrointestinal tract.
These tests are extensive. But, they may not produce the identification of the cause of vomiting. In such a case, the veterinarian may suggest exploratory surgery, called a laparotomy. This surgery allows the exploration of the dog’s abdomen and collection of biopsy samples. This surgery is commonly performed endoscopically to be less invasive.
Of course, all these tests are quite costly. That’s exactly where dog health insurance can come in to save the day.