The American Eskimo Dog Breed at a Glance
The purebred American Eskimo Dog, also commonly called the Eskie, the Eskimo Spitz, German Spitz, and American Spitz is a smart and friendly dog that’s also energetic and protective, categorized in the non-sporting group. The medium-sized, agile dog is used for various activities, including narcotics detection. The Eskie is an excellent dog for colder climates and is good with kids, but it does not fare well in hotter climates. However, keep in mind that this breed is harder to train, so it would be better suited to more experienced owners.
Although it is an excellent watchdog, the Eskie is not likely to scare off any intruders.
HISTORY of the American Eskimo Dog Breed
Originally descended from various European Spitzes, it was famous as a circus performer in the United States. In fact, many spectators purchased American Spitz puppies from the circus. It was only in 1917 that this breed became known as the American Eskimo dog.
Origin: United States, Germany
The Eskie is very much like its Spitz ancestors. Expect an independent and determined dog. Additionally, it is not the ideal dog for families with small children or other pets, unless well disciplined and trained. Additionally, it is mistrustful of strangers, but professional training helps.
Physical Characteristics of the American Eskimo Dog Breed
Common colors include white and cream. It has a double coat that is dense, long, short, and thick and sheds constantly.
The average weight of this breed is between 20 and 40 pounds and it stands between 15 and 19 inches tall.
Shedding is constant. The Eskie is NOT a hypoallergenic dog breed.
HEALTH AND CARE of the Eskie
The life expectancy of the American Eskimo Dog is between 12 and 14 years.
Common Health Issues
Diabetes is common in Eskies. Other minor ailments include:
- Hip dysplasia
- Patellar luxation
- Progressive retinal atrophy.
Exercise is also a must with the Eskie, as it is a very energetic dog. As such, it requires a vigorous daily workout, like jogging or fun outdoor activities because it has shown to keep energetic dogs out of trouble.
Feed your American Eskimo Dog 2 cups per day, as this will avoid overfeeding and thus, maintain his shape.
Grooming is a must to deal with the constant shedding associated with this breed, but it can be reduced with effort. Expect to brush and comb your dog at least twice each week, and more frequently during peak shedding periods to keep its fur in excellent shape. Stripping or occasional trimming may also be required, but having said all that, expect to vacuum frequently.
The American Eskimo Dog breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995.