Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Breed at a Glance
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed, also known as the Corgi, Pembroke, PWC, and Pem, is an excellent house dog with pointed ears and a short tail. It’s easy to train, obeys its owner, makes a great watchdog, and is good with kids and new owners. It sits at No. 20 on the most popular dogs list, according to the American Kennel Club, and is the beloved breed of Queen Elizabeth II. Not to be mistaken with the Cardigan Corgi (separate breed), the Pem is shorter and has lighter-boned legs.
Breed Group: Herding
HISTORY of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Breed
The Pem is the younger and more popular of the Corgi breeds, tracing its origin to 1107 AD. Though its body is low-slung and long, it is not related to the Dachshund. Instead, its ancestors include the Pomeranian, Chow-Chow, Samoyed, Finnish Spitz, Elkhound, Schipperke, and Keeshond–dogs brought to the UK by Flemish Weavers. Originally used by South Wales farmers to herd sheep and cattle, it is mostly a companion dog now.
Origin: United Kingdom
The vast majority of Pem owners agree that this breed is excellent with kids, other pets, and very easy to train. However, they are not dogs to be left alone for long periods of time. These are fearless, smart, and independent dogs but also very sensitive, so the Corgi does not take well to harsh reprimanding or punishment. Their big dog bark adds to their watchdog abilities. This is a loyal and affectionate dog in a family environment where it is included, and it is a cat-friendly dog, too. However, it is vital to socialize this dog breed early on, so that it doesn’t display any aggression or anti-social behavior in adulthood.
Physical Characteristics of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Easily recognizable by its short legs and long body, the Pem has erect, pointy-tipped ears, a naturally short tail, and with a head resembling a fox in both shape and appearance.
The common colors of the Corgi are black and tan, red, fawn, and sable, with white markings.
The Corgi weighs between 24 and 27 pounds, depending on gender, and stands between 10 and 12 inches tall.
Shedding is constant but routine brushing helps. Still, prepare to vacuum frequently. The Corgi is not a hypoallergenic dog breed but also doesn’t tend to drool.
HEALTH and CARE of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Breed
The life expectancy of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is between 11 and 13 years, which is slightly below the average for this size dog.
Common Health Concerns
Each dog breed is susceptible to certain health issues because of genetics. Although the Corgi is typically a healthy dog breed, it may develop the following:
- Hip Dysplasia
Having been bred as a herding dog, it requires exercise to stay fit because it has the potential to gain weight. A good walk or play session would suffice, however.
Feed your dog a high-quality dog food to ensure health and longevity. With the average weight of the Corgi being 27 pounds, feed it between 3/4 and 1.5 cups of kibble each day.
The short coat of the Corgi requires brushing about 3 times each week to reduce shedding, and also a bath on occasion to keep its coat sparkling clean and looking great. Check ears regularly for debris or wax buildup to avoid an infection from developing.
The AKC officially recognized the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed in 1934.